In this first part of this guide, we will get you covered on one important aspect when it comes to improving the gilts’ future performances and minimize disease risk.
The quarantine housing.
You can jump to the gilt feeding best practices if you are already familiar with this part.
Why is important to confine gilts in the quarantine area?
Put your new gilts in the quarantine area is critical to prevent the contamination of your herd in case the gilts are contaminated.
Here are 7 tips to ensure good quarantine housing conditions for the gilts before they proceed to the next life stages (breeding and gestation, farrowing house, nursery and fattening stage):
- Choose a site away from the farm that will not allow spread of disease to the herd either by aerosol infection or faecal spread. It is recommended to respect a distance of at least 50 meters between the quarantine barn and the other barns.
- Separate management of isolated stock from that of your farm – ideally with different stockmen. When this is not feasible, you should deal with isolated gilts with different attire than the one you wear for dealing with other units.
- The duration of isolation should be a minimum of 4 weeks. (In case of an emerging disease outburst, it may need to be 3 months).
- Constantly monitor the health of the gilts in isolation and seek veterinary advice if there are concerns.
- “All-in/All-out” Approach: washing and disinfection are extremely important, notably before the arrival of a new gilt herd.
- Comfortable pens: gilts should have a complete free water and feeder access. To keep them warm, a minimum lighting of 12 hours per day is necessary. Regarding the space allowance, each gilt should have 1.8 m² to be able to move and no more than 10 gilts should be contained per pen.
- Boar exposure should be initiated at this stage to stimulate the puberty and maximize heat appearance during the breeding and gestation phase.
Gilt Quarantine Tips Summary
Please find below a table summarizing the tips mentioned above. Feel free to print it and stick it in your farm!
Gilt quarantine is only the first step to ensure gilt optimum health. Feeding gilt with the appropriate feed type and duration is key to ensure its future growth and a good transition from the gestation to the lactation phase.
For any queries about gilts management, contact us.
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